Green Computing is one of the latest trends that have been developing greatly in
business these days. It deals with the studying and practicing of environment-
friendly and efficient computing resources.
Recently, most organizations in the computer field have realized that pursuing
ecological methods are in their best interests- in terms of reduced costs as well
as public relations. So, going green is now not only the aim of environmental
industries, but is also targeted by businesses from other fields. Take a look into
the deeper aspects of Green Computing in the following sections.
What is Green Computing?
Green Computing, also known as Green IT, is the term used to define
ecologically sustainable computing. Explaining it the other way, Green IT is the
practice of designing, making, utilizing, and discarding computers, and
associated subunits like printers, monitors, or storage devices in an effective and
efficient way without any impact on the surroundings.
A Brief History of Green Computing
In 1992, an Energy-Star program was started, which was the first manifestation
towards Green IT. This happened to be a label that was given to computer
merchandises that could successfully prove that they made use of less amount of
energy, while providing the maximum efficiency. The first outcome of Green
Computing studies was the ‘Sleep mode’ of computer that yielded great energy
consumption. Following this, various other notions like thin client solutions,
energy cost accounting, eWaste, etc were developed.
Objectives of Green Computing
We can compare the objectives of green computing to that of green chemistry-
cut down the usage of perilous materials, maximize the efficiency of energy
throughout the product life, biodegradability of factory waste, and promote
recycling. However, scientists are continuing research in important fields like
using the computer in a more energy efficient way and creating algorithms for
efficiency-related technologies
Ways to Green Computing
There are four ways to environment sustainability or Green IT as follows:
Reduce the energy consumption of computers and other
electronic/electrical products and use them in an efficient way

Reusing/Refurbishing old computers and disposing /recycling
unnecessary computer good in a proper way
Minimizing the environmental effects while manufacturing computers and
other related components
Designing environmentally-sound and energy efficient
The above four ways concentrate on different individual activities like power
management, energy efficient computing, remediation of environmental
contaminants, server virtualization, efficient recycling, and much more.
Green Computing has become an extremely popular technology and is gaining
more attention from the public due to the initiatives of several environmental and
government organizations. It should be taken as a more serious responsibility not
only by organizations, but also by individual computer users. People using
computers at home can also resort to these practices so as to build a more
sustainable environment.

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